Late last year, the federal government asked the Supreme Court to wade into the dispute over the Trump administration’s September 2017 decision to end the program known as “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” (DACA), which allows undocumented immigrants who were brought to the United States as children to apply for protection from deportation. The government filed three petitions asking the justices to review decisions by lower courts that blocked the government from terminating the DACA program. In each petition, U.S. solicitor general Noel Francisco asked the Supreme Court to consider two related questions: whether the Trump administration’s decision to end the DACA program is something that courts can review at all, or whether it is instead the kind of decision left to administrative agencies; and whether, even if courts can review the decision to end DACA, that decision violated federal laws governing administrative actions.
Francisco had urged the Supreme Court to take up the DACA cases quickly, so that they could be resolved during the current term, and the justices considered the petitions at two conferences in mid-January. But the justices did not act on the cases at that time; instead, they apparently put them on hold, without relisting them for a vote at any conferences since then.
Last week the government filed a fourth DACA petition, presenting the same questions, that it hopes will finally spur the justices to act. This time, the government is asking the justices to review a ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit, which concluded earlier this month that the Trump administration’s decision to end the DACA program was unlawful. Emphasizing that the 4th Circuit’s decision is wrong, and arguing that the government is being required to keep in place a policy that both the Department of Homeland Security and Attorney General William Barr have concluded “is unlawful and that sanctions the ongoing violation of federal law by more than half a million people,” the government asked the justices to grant the new petition, along with the three that are already pending, before the Supreme Court’s summer recess, and hear the cases together when the new term begins next fall.
The government filed a separate motion to expedite consideration of the petition. The government suggested that Casa de Maryland, the immigration advocacy group that is leading the challenge to the decision to end DACA in the Maryland case, and the other challengers should be required to file their response to the government’s petition by June 4, which would allow the justices to consider the petition at their conference on June 20. The government indicated that the challengers agreed to respond to the motion to expedite by the end of the day today; the motion itself was distributed to the justices for consideration at their conference tomorrow.
This post was also published on SCOTUSblog.